Periodontal disease attacks the gums and the bone that support the teeth. The word periodontal actually means “around the tooth”.
You have probably heard of plaque, it is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva, and if it is not removed, it turns into tartar (calculus). When plaque is not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and the bone. Periodontal disease is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums.
Believe it or not, four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t know it! They are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages.
Research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as stroke, cardiovascular disease, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes and increased risk during pregnancy. The researchers are trying to determine if inflammation and bacteria associated with periodontal disease affects these systemic diseases and conditions. Smoking is dangerous and also increases the risk of periodontal disease.
Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits to Palencia Dental can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.
Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease:
Bleeding gums – Gums should never bleed, even when you brush vigorously or use dental floss.
Loose teeth – Also caused by bone loss or weakened periodontal fibers (fibers that support the tooth to the bone).
Pus around the teeth and gums – Sign that there is an infection present.
Receding gums – Loss of gum around a tooth.
Red and puffy gums – Gums should never be red or swollen.
Tenderness or Discomfort – Plaque, calculus, and bacteria irritate the gums and teeth.
New spacing between teeth – Caused by bone loss.
Persistent bad breath – Caused by bacteria in the mouth
Please call us today at 904-826-4343 and we can answer your questions about periodontal disease.
If you are looking for a dentist in World Golf Village or St. Augustine you have found us! We are located in Palencia, just minutes from World Golf Village, Nocatee, and Jacksonville.